5 Things You Need to Know About Diabetes Affects on Osteoarthritis

1. Diabetes Raises Risk of Osteoarthritis

People with Type 2 diabetes are at a higher risk for osteoarthritis, a type of arthritis associated with a breakdown and loss of cartilage in the joints. Other names for it are degenerative joint disease and degenerative arthritis. There are three many causes of osteoarthritis: a birth defect in the bone, obesity or overuse of the joints. Older adults and women are also more likely to suffer from osteoarthritis. It is known that diabetes worsens the condition, most likely as a result of the obesity or added weight on the joints of the body. Repeated tests show a link between being overweight with diabetes and having osteoarthritis.

2. Know the Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis can cause pain or stiffness of the joints in the knees, feet, spine or hips. It often impacts flexibility and results in stiffness. The symptoms do not appear all at once, they usually start with a mild aching and soreness in the joints. Stiffness in the joints when you first wake up may be a sign of Osteoarthritis. If there is tenderness when you apply pressure to a joint or pain after an activity using the joint, you may want to consult a doctor. Pain in the joints, especially in the back and knees, is often worsened by being overweight or having diabetes.

3. Diet, Exercise Can Reduce Symptoms

Exercise improves flexibility and joint movement. Water exercises can also help improve muscle tone while reducing pressure on the joints. Exercise has repeatedly been proven to help prevent both osteoarthritis and the effects of diabetes. Good nutrition and diet for controlling your weight will reduce the strain on the joints as being overweight adds extra wear and tear on your joints. Also, the fat cells that cause problems in diabetes release substances that may wear out the joints of your body too.

4. Know the Medical Treatment Options

Physical therapy can help improve the areas around the joints with by improving muscle strength and reducing stiffness. Braces can help support the joints if worn properly. Damage to the joints may require surgical solutions. There are medications that can help, such as anti-inflammatory drugs or pain relievers to reduce swelling. Consult with your doctor about any medication for osteoarthritis.

5. Coping Skills Can Relieve Diabetes Effects on Osteoarthritis

Get plenty of rest and take care of your body to reduce the symptoms of diabetes and osteoarthritis. Arthritis increases fatigue and muscle weakness, making everyday tasks seem more difficult. Allow yourself time to relax and breathe. You may even see good results from classes that improve breathing and strength such as yoga, tai chi or Pilates. Be in charge of your treatment and body. Maintain an attitude that you can improve how you feel.