Common Urinary System Disorders

The urinary system consists of the bladder, kidneys, ureter and urethra. Bacteria can Sometimes infiltrate this system, affecting the upper and lower part of the urinary tract. In some instances, calcium or other such deposits can form within the urinary system. Fortunately, common urinary system disorders have specific treatment options.

Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary tract infections account for about 8.3 million doctor’s appointment per year. The National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse says that symptoms of urinary tract infections include pain or burning with urination. In some instances, the urine can appear cloudy. People who have tubes in the urethra or bladder, females and people with diabetes are more likely to get a urinary tract infection. Treating a urinary tract infection involves taking such antibiotics as amoxicillin, trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole, ampicillin, nitrofurantoin or ampicillin. Drugs such as norfloxacin or ciprofloxacin can also be prescribed.


Pyelonephritis, commonly known as a kidney infection, is an infection that specifically starts in the bladder or urethra and eventually travels to the kidney. The Mayo Clinic states that symptoms include flank pain, stomach pain, a burning sensation, frequent urination and blood in the urine. Some risk factors for pyelonephritis include being female, having a weakened immune system and using a urinary catheter, or tube. Treating pyelonephritis involves taking antibiotics, though sometimes hospitalization may be necessary if the infection doesn’t go away.

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are deposits that occur within the urinary tract. The University of Maryland Medical Center says that 240,000 to 720,000 Americans develop kidney stones annually. Specific symptoms include flank pain, vomiting, nausea, fever, chills, obesity and stomach pain. Dehydration and having a diet high in calcium or other minerals can lead to kidney stones. Treating kidney stones involves taking such medications as narcotics, allopurinol, hydrochlorothiazide, potassium citrate or orthophosphates. Sometimes, surgery or other procedures such as a lithiotripsy–using shock waves to break up the stones–may be necessary to remove the stones.

About this Author

Lisabetta Divita is a physician whose love for writing flourished while she was exposed to all facets of the medical field during her training. Her writings are currently featured in prominent medical magazines and various online publications. She holds a doctorate in medicine, a master\’s in biomedicine, and a Bachelor of Science in biology from Boston College.