Scoliosis Therapy Ball Exercises

Scoliosis is a lateral or sideways curvature of the spine. Large curvatures can cause imbalance, pain and fatigue. The National Association of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases states that while exercise has not been shown to keep spinal curvature from progressing, it is important for all people to remain active and physically fit, including those with scoliosis. Furthermore, weight bearing exercises help to keep bones strong. A therapy ball is a great tool for exercising and maintaining back health.

Arm and Leg Extensions

Arm and leg extensions not only work the arm and leg muscles, but help tone core muscles. Core muscles are the deep abdominal and back muscles that stabilize and support the body as it moves. To perform this exercise, lie with your hips on the therapy ball, stomach side down. Keep the toes of the right foot on the floor while you raise your left leg and right arm. Alternate arms and legs. Work up to 3 sets of 10.

Back Extensions

Kneel on the floor behind the therapy ball. Lean over the therapy ball, so your stomach is over it, knees remaining on the floor. Extend both arms so they are parallel to the floor. Hold for 5 seconds. Work up to 10 repetitions. According to, back extensions will help with lower back pain as well as build back muscle strength.

One Armed Rowing

This exercise is best performed with 5 to 10 pound weights. Lean over the therapy ball so you are bent at the waist. Holding the hand weight, bring your elbow up toward the ceiling. Switch arms and repeat. Work up to 3 sets of 10 on each side.

Consult a Physical Therapist

While there are many exercises available that help strengthen the back muscles, if you experience pain and need a rehab approach, you may want to consult a physical therapist. The Scoliosis Association, Inc. states that there are two phases in treating lower back pain. The first phase involves education, and addressing posture and flexibility. This is when the issue of pain is most often addressed. The second phase involves strength and fitness activities.

About this Author

Brenda Hagood has been a writer and speech therapist since 1982, and a nonprofit director. She wrote manuals for Total Learning Curriculum and enjoys health, education and family life research. Hagood holds a bachelor’s degree in communicative disorders from California State University, Fullerton, and a master’s degree in speech pathology from Loma Linda University.