The pictures of throat cancer include 5 stages of this condition,you can click the images for details.
Throat cancer refers to cancer in the areo digestive tract of the body. It includes the cancers of the throat, inside of the nose, para nasal sinuses, larynx, pharynx, mouth, tongue and lips. According to the National Cancer Institute, 26,000 laryngeal or pharyngeal cancer cases were recorded last year. Approximately 6,000 fatalities were reported in the US due to laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer in 2011. The cancer generally arises from the epithelium in the walls of these areas and 90% of these cancers are of the squamous cell variety.
A number of factors contribute to the throat cancer and tobacco consumption and exposure to UV lights, exposure to HP virus are among them. Identifying throat cancer symptoms will help seek treatment at the early stages while educating oneself of the causes of this cancer can reduce the risk of developing such a condition. Throat cancer pictures can play a crucial role in understanding the area which is susceptible to the development of this cancer. See the image in text to see the different sections in which this type of cancer can arise.
The condition has a strong association with certain life style factors. For example, tobacco use, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption as well as certain environmental factors like exposure to ultra violet light, occupational hazards etc. can be extremely detrimental and increase the risk of pharyngeal cancers by many folds. It can also occur due to exposure to certain strains of virus most importantly the Human Papilloma Virus. This cancer is more common in men than women, probably because a greater percentage of men are heavy smokers than women. Throat cancer incidence is six times greater in smokers and alcoholics than in non-smokers and non-alcoholics. Combined cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption double the chances of acquiring throat cancer. Other risk factors include very poor nutrition especially the lack of fruits and vegetables in the diet. People who are suffering from immune deficiency are also at a greater risk to developing this type of cancer. It is uncommon to detect cases of pharyngeal cancers before the age of 40 and is usually seen in the 40 to 60 year age group. The incidence of this cancer decreases after the age of 60 years.
A number of symptoms may manifest as a result of developing this medical condition. Some of them may be distinctive while others can be easily confused as symptoms of various other illnesses. Cancer cells starts on a small area and spread rapidly, superseding healthy cells. Picture of throat cancer in this section shows how the cancer starts in the throat as a tiny speck and expands rapidly. Observing the symptoms and seeking early medical help can make a major difference in how effective would the management of the cancer be. Following are some of the most notable symptoms that results from a throat cancer.
- Cough And Voice Change – One of the first symptoms can be a chronic cough that lasts over a period more than two weeks and does not respond to various cough medications. It may continue and become sore throat that in later stages may result in extreme difficulty in swallowing. There may also be change in voice due to the involvement of the vocal chords. Later on, this can cause breathing difficulties for the patient.
- Lumps And Swelling – A person with throat cancer may detect swelling in the neck region without any other associated symptoms. Many patients come to the doctor with the complaint of a lump in the mouth or throat or a visible swelling in the neck that may be bothering them. It is likely that the swelling has suddenly appeared and has grown rapidly in size. A swelling, which is firm, hard to the touch and cannot be compressed has a high chance of being a throat cancer symptom.
- Bleeding from the Affected Area – A person suffering from the cancer may visit the doctor with the complaint of bleeding from the lips or bleeding from inside the mouth that does not heal. White or red patches can be detected, inside the mouth, on the tongue or even the roof of the mouth. In later stages the patient may complain of increased difficulty in chewing and swallowing food, even drinking water can become quite a tedious task for the patient.
Not every patient that suffers from a lump in the neck or a change in voice has throat cancer. However, guessing at whether or not you have it will only waste your time while allowing the problem to escalate, if it is in fact cancer. A doctor will look into the patient’s medical history, family history that can be a high risk factor for the development of throat cancer and the actual symptoms present. A thorough head and neck examination will be done by the doctor and certain blood and screening tests will have to be run. If tests comes out positive for cancer, further imaging studies and lab tests will be done to find the size, shape and extent of tumor, so that it can be graded and the gravity of the condition can be established.
The treatment option is done by means of surgery where the cancer is limited to the point of origin. In advanced cases where the tumor has spread to adjacent structures and even other organs, chemotherapy and radiation are the best choices. The survival rates depend on early detection and treatment. Throat cancer pictures inset shows cancer treatment with radiation therapy.
In conclusion, it is a dangerous and fatal illness that can be avoided to a high degree with a healthy life style. Avoidance of tobacco use, smoking, alcohol consumption as well as possible exposure to Human Papiloma virus can reduce the risk by many folds. If any likely symptoms of cancer in the throat are detected, seeking immediate medical advice is crucial to ensure so that the spread of cancer can be arrested.