Treating Toenail Fungus or how to Treat Toe Nail Fungus

Fungal infections of the nails are becoming relatively common in today’s society. It affects the toe nails in a more frequent manner than the nails of the fingers. Being part of the dematophyte family, the fungus shows a high affinity for areas which are warm and moist as well relatively dark. So, what better place for them to be in than the moist toe nails covered with shoes!

The initial appearance of a toe nail infection would be just a whitish spot. But, after a long period of time the infection can become visibly disturbing as well as painfully discomforting. The relatively long period of time it takes in developing in to a full blown infection could explain the high prevalence of toe nail fungus in the elderly population.

Some of the symptoms in a patient suffering from toe nail fungus or Onychomycosis’ will be:

Distorted and brittle toe nails

Irregular and crusted appearance

Darkening of the nail due to collection of fungal debris underneath

Loss of shininess of the nails

Pain on the affected toes and nail beds

Frequent infections in the nail beds

Once the toes have been invaded by these organisms, it’s very difficult to get rid of them. Due to the extreme conditions that it can tolerate, elimination of the fungus will take some commitment from the part of the patient.

The fungus can survive in the toe nails due to the following reasons:

Poor blood supply associated with the edges of the toes

Continuous moist environment it receives due to wearing of shoes

Diabetes and poor nutrition

Poor hygienic practises

Therefore, in order to eliminate the fungus from the toe nails, the above factors should be corrected. Along with these lifestyle modifications, following treatment can also be started,

1. Oral antifungal treatment

Anti fungal treatment has to be continued for several months and sometimes even about a year. It will take more than 4 months to see its effect and even then the fungus will not disappear completely. If you stop treating the infection, the fungus will grow back.

2. Topical antifungal cream

Local application of antifungal creams can enhance the eradication process and improve the outlook of the toe nails. But it will not serve the purpose of eradication if used alone.

3. Antibiotics if there are signs of infections

4. Pain killers

If there are underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, it should be treated and corrected while continuing with the anti-fungal treatment.

Apart from the above mentioned methods, if the condition is so severe and the pain seems to be unbearable, there is a possibility of removing the toe nail to relieve the agony and start the anti-fungal treatment.