What Are the Benefits of Heart Rate Training?

When you exercise, your heart beat or the rate of your pulse is used to estimate the intensity level of your workout. The more intense your workout is the harder your heart must work to deliver oxygen-rich blood to your muscles. The way your heart responds to the intensity of your workout is based primarily on your body’s distinctive structure. Regardless of your individual makeup, The American College of Sports Medicine recommends that exercise be performed at 55 percent to 90 percent of your maximum heart rate. Most people that maintain a consistent exercise regimen will train between 65 percent and 85 percent of their maximum heart rate. As you continue with your training and make improvements, your heart rate response level will decrease because your heart will be able to deliver more blood to your muscles.

Avoid Over Training

One of the greatest advantages to heart rate training is the ability to avoid over training your body. Although high-intensity workouts do a great job of conditioning your body and improving your performance and training ability, it is counterproductive to push your body to its limits every time you exercise. Too much of a good thing can prove to be detrimental because your body needs ample time to recover in between sessions. Using your heart rate as a gauge allows you to develop the right mixture of easy, moderate and difficult workouts. The end result will be positive gains and avoidance of burning out both physically and mentally.

Track Your Progress

Heart rate training allows you to keep record of any improvements that you make along the way, as well as avoid training plateaus. Additionally, as your level of fitness improves you will find it much easier to exercise within your training zones. For instance, when you begin a new fitness regimen you may find it to be somewhat challenging to exercise at the higher end of your training zone. However, as you progress and your fitness level improves, you will find that you are able to get through tougher workouts.

Push Your Limits

A really good indicator of your level of fitness lies in your ability to perform a harder workload at the same level of intensity. As your body becomes fatigued from high-intensity workouts, you will tend to slow down. The incorporation of heart rate training into your workout routine improves your cardiovascular endurance and enables you to move forward in your training, while maintaining a heart rate that you once found difficult to train at for any length of time.

About this Author

Tennessee-based writer Davita Parks has been writing editorial, feature, business and health-related articles since 1998. Her work has appeared in magazines such as “African American Perspectives,” “Showcase of Homes” and “Celebrate.” Parks holds a Master of Science in mass communications from Arkansas State University.